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S. Kobayashi, S. Kidou and S. Ejiri (2001)
Detection and characterizationof glutathione S-transferase activity in rice EF-1ΐΐ'Α and EF-1Α expressed in E.coli. Biochem. Biophys. Res.
Commun. 288: 509-514.
Plant elongation factor EF-1 consists of four subunits (EF-1Ώΐΐ'Α). EF-1ΏEGTP catalyses the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the ribosome. EF-1ΐ
and@EF-1ΐ' catalyze the GDP/GTP exchange on EF-1ΏEGDP. However, the function of EF-1Α, a subunit detected in eukaryotes, but not in prokaryotes
remained unknown. This report demonstrates that rice EF-1ΐΐ'Α and recombinant EF-1Α possess glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity. The EF-1ΐΐ'Α-
or EF-1Α-dependent GST activity is about one-fiftieth of the rice GST activity. The Km values of EF-1ΐΐ'Α, EF-1Α and rice GST for glutathione and
1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene are of about the same order. Although recombinant EF-1Α is heat labile, active EF-1Α was obtained by purifying it in the
presence of 20 % glycerol.
T. Shiina, M. Morimatsu, H. Kitamura, T. Ito, S. Kidou, K. Matsubara, Y.Matsuda, M. Saito and B. Syuto (2001)
Genomic organization, chromosomal localization, and promoter analysis of the mouse Mail gene. Immunogenetics 53: 649-655.
The Mail (molecule possessing ankyrin repeats induced by lipopolysaccharide) protein is a member of the IkappaB family. It has six ankyrin repeats that
are conserved in other IkappaB proteins, such as IkappaB-alpha and Bcl-3. Mail mRNA expression is induced rapidly following lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
injection, most notably in the spleen, lung, and lymph nodes of mice, where immune cells, such as lymphocytes and macrophages, are abundant. In this
study, we cloned and characterized the Mail gene. The isolated genomic clones span approximately 30 kb and encompass the entire gene. Comparisons with Mail
cDNA revealed that the Mail gene consists of 14 exons. Several splice junctions encoding ankyrin repeats are conserved among Mail and other IkappaB family
genes. Southern hybridization showed that Mail is a single-copy gene. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, mouse and rat Mail genes were
mapped to Chromosome (Chr) 16C1.2-C1.3 and Chr 11q21.1, respectively. Primer extension determined the transcription start site of Mail. Sequence analysis
of the proximal promoter region revealed the presence of a TATA box and putative transcription factor-binding sites, such as those for NF-kappaB and NF-IL6.
This region is sufficient to drive high-level reporter gene expression in LPS-stimulated transfected cells.